Black Sheep Code

Generating apps from OpenAPI specs - Part 3 - Generating MSW API mocks using msw-auto-mock

A commonly suggested approach for testing frontend code is to use a tool like Mock Service Worker to mock your HTTP requests.

In this post, we'll demonstrate usage of the tool msw-auto-mock to achieve this, and save us writing screeds of mocking logic ourselves.

All code for this example can by found here.

Our component

export const DisplayPetById = (props: DisplayPetByIdProps) => {
  const {  } = props;

  const petQuery = usePet(props.petId); 

  return (
      {petQuery.isLoading && "...loading"}
      {petQuery.isError && "Error!"}
      { && <>
        Pet Name: {}

We have a simple component here. That usePet looks like this:

import { useQuery } from "@tanstack/react-query";
import { petsApi } from "../services/petsService";

export function usePet(petId:number){

    return useQuery({
        queryFn: () => petsApi.findPetById({ id: petId}),
        queryKey: ["pet", petId],

We're using react-query to provide loading flags etc, and we're using that service function that created in our earlier post.

The Test

We make sure we have included an example in our OpenAPI definition:

  "type": "object",
  "required": [
  "properties": {
    "id": {
      "type": "integer",
      "format": "int64"
    "name": {
      "type": "string", 
+     "example" : "Fido"
    "tag": {
      "type": "string"

We can now run:

msw-auto-mock ../spec/petstore-separate/spec/swagger.json \
 -o src/generated/msw.js --base-url '/api'

And hey presto, all of the MSW boiler plate is created in that msw.js output file we generated.

Our test:

import React from 'react';

// We have our render method which includes the react-query provider
import {render} from "../testUtils/testRender";
import {screen} from "@testing-library/react";
import {DisplayPetById} from './DisplayPetById';
// Import handlers from the generated MSW boilerplate
import {handlers} from "../generated/msw";
import { setupServer } from 'msw/lib/node';

const server = setupServer(...handlers);

describe(DisplayPetById, () => {

    beforeAll(() => {
        // Establish requests interception layer before all tests.
      afterAll(() => {
        // Clean up after all tests are done, preventing this
        // interception layer from affecting irrelevant tests.

  it("Renders without error", async () => {
    render(<DisplayPetById  petId={1}/>)


    // The pet name is based on the example we set in the OpenAPI definition!
    expect(await screen.findByText("Pet Name: Fido")).toBeInTheDocument(); 



msw-auto-mock does not currently support multiple examples, which might make this limiting for more comprehensive testing. In that case you might need to get creative and/or extend the functionality of what msw-auto-mock is providing.

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